Safety & Health Improvement Program (SHIP)
IMPROVING EMPLOYEE SAFETY, HEALTH
THROUGH SUPERVISOR SUPPORT AND TEAM EFFECTIVENESS
With the help of SHIP, you and your organization can
be on the path to:
Reduced stress and work-life conflict
Increased team communication and effectiveness
Improved employee health and safety
Enhanced work processes and practices
*Our toolkits are continually going through improvements and changes to provide your organization with updated and relevant content. Our toolkits were last reviewed and updated on January, 2020.
“Employees were cautious at first, but now they are the ones asking supervisors if they can revisit the team effectiveness goals. They’re really enthusiastic.”
-Suzanne Kahn, Maintenance Director Portland Bureau of Transportation (PBOT)
Ready to download the SHIP Toolkit?
Click the download button to register or sign in for your free download. We collect registrations for reporting purposes only. Your information will never be used for marketing or sold to a third-party.
Why Adopt SHIP?
National statistics report, more than
40% of workers report that their job was very or extremely stressful
25% view their jobs as the number one stressor in their lives
Job stress was a greater concern to worker health than either financial or family problems
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics over 3 million nonfatal workplace injuries/illnesses occur annually, which cost employers $1 billion per week in workers' compensation, plus other associated costs such as:
Training replacement employees
Implementation of corrective measures
We developed SHIP to address these major organizational concerns and improve employee outcomes. Find out more about how we developed SHIP.
The SHIP toolkit was developed by Dr. Leslie Hammer PhD. Learn more about Leslie and her research at OHSU.
The Science Behind SHIP
Where did SHIP come from? Did you know that it came from a rigorously tested study? Learn the scientific story behind SHIP.
SHIP was designed to increase supervisor and peer support and decrease job strain, which plays a key role in safety compliance and improved physical and mental health. SHIP integrates a focus on both health protection and health promotion by addressing psychosocial factors that are shown to be related to safety (1), well-being (2), and organizational productivity.
The SHIP intervention study was a NIOSH-funded randomized controlled trial focusing on supervisors and their teams. SHIP aimed to increase employee support from supervisors, improve team communication, enhance team effectiveness, and reduce stress and work-family conflict.
The SHIP intervention was composed of:
One-hour training for supervisors
Behavior-tracking that reinforced the training principles
The SHIP intervention was tested in the construction industry with a sample of 528 employees. We found that the intervention was effective at reducing worker blood pressure. Also, an adapted version of the SHIP toolkit was developed for the United States Forest Service called the STTEP (Supervisor Training and Team Education Program).
The intervention had the strongest effects among work crews that needed it most; those with poorer relationships with their supervisor and those with lower team cohesion, suggesting context matters. This Total WorkerHealth intervention targets the supervisor and workgroups and examines effects on work-life balance. Read more in the Journal of Work & Stress.
Funding for SHIP was provided by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH; grant: U19OH010154).
Download the latest SHIP intervention study publication.
1. Hammer, L., Truxillo, D., Bodner, T., Rineer, J., Pytlovany, A., & Richman, A. (2015). Effects of a workplace intervention targeting psychosocial risk factors on safety and health outcomes: Psychosocial factors and workers health and safety [Special issue]. BioMed Research International, 1-12. doi: 10.1155/2015/8369672.
2. Hammer, L., Truxillo, D., Bodner, T., Pytlovany, A., Richman, A. & Rineer, J. (In preparation). LMX and Work-Family Intervention Effects.
3. Hammer, L. B., Truxillo, D. M., Bodner, T., Pytlovany, A., & Richman A. (2019). Exploration of the impact of organizational context on a workplace safety and health intervention. Work and Stress.